transparent.gif (49 bytes) top_navi1_on.gif (308 bytes)top_navi2_off.gif (713 bytes)top_navi3_off.gif (608 bytes)top_navi4_off.gif (350 bytes) transparent.gif (49 bytes)
pages_logo1.gif (206 bytes)
pages_logo2.gif (1699 bytes)
ei_illu_verti_navi.gif (3139 bytes)
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)
verti_navi_on.gif (74 bytes)
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)
Volume 1999
verti_navi_on.gif (74 bytes)
Volume 2000
verti_navi_on.gif (74 bytes)
Volume 2001
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)
Volume 2002
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)
Volume 2003
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)
Volume 2004
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)
Volume 2005
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)
Volume 2006/2007
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)
Volume 2008/2009
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)
Thematic Issues
verti_navi_off.gif (74 bytes)






As the first Latin American nation to join in the United States' project to forge a "Free Trade Area of the Americas," the Mexican authorities wholeheartedly assumed a new role for themselves as ideological and political marshals, shaping a new policy environment in which institutional changes might occur. This process, which began with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), is an example of the heightened sensitivity of its leadership to the demands for greater "environmental responsibility" as part of the process of international integration. The environmental side agreement, negotiated as part of NAFTA, with its new oversight and consultative institutions, were the price that the governments were "forced" to pay in exchange for the approval of the expanded free trade agreement.

This article offers a discussion of some of the environmental impacts resulting from globalization. Mexico's remarkable reversal from its historic position of inward-oriented development to the wholehearted embrace of international integration was never subjected to domestic debate. From our analysis, it is clear that, in spite of Mexico's heightened awareness of and sensitivity to environmental problems, the increased volume of international financial flows is having a significant deleterious impact on the environment.


Globalization - Economic Development - Sustainable Development - Environment - Mexico - NAFTA


David BARKIN received his doctorate in economics from Yale University and teaches at the Metropolitan University in Mexico City. He was awarded the National Prize in Political Economy and is a fellow of the Mexican Academy of Sciences; he is also a member of the National Research Council of Mexico. He is a Research Associate at the Mexican Center for Ecology and Development.

His current work involves the analysis of the problems of the impact of international economic integration on the environment and on economic opportunities for communities in Latin America. He continues with an interest in the process of uneven development which engenders serious disequilibria throughout society. He is the author of more than one dozen books and hundreds of articles in eight languages; among his books are: Distorted Development : Mexico in the world economy (in English, Japanese and Spanish), and Monarchs and Peasants: A strategy for sustainable development in Eastern Michoacan, available only in Spanish. His latest book is bilingual edition of Wealth, Poverty and Sustainable Development.


All work published in The International Scope Review is subject to copyright and may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, in any manner or in any medium - unless written consent  is given by The Social Capital Foundation represented by its President, unless the author's name and the one of The International Scope Review as the first publication medium appear on the work or the excerpt, and unless no charge is made for the copy containing the work or excerpt.

Any demands for obtaining consent for reproduction should be sent to

DOWNLOAD (That will display the Acrobat Reader Plug-in in your browser window. to come back to this page , press the BACK button in the toolbar of your browser.)

get_acrobat_reader.gif (712 bytes)

Attention, this document is an Adobe Acrobat document.
You will need to download the Acrobat Plugin to view it.



 Copyright  The Social Capital Foundation 1998-2006, All Rights Reserved

[ top ]